and Albert Speer to create public buildings in a neoclassical style based on Roman architecture. Allies defeated Germany in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe. At least 91 German Jews were killed during this pogrom, later called Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass. Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo; Security Police) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service ordered on 21 September that Polish Jews should be rounded up and concentrated into cities with good rail links. Law Further information: Law in Nazi Germany Chart showing the pseudo-scientific racial divisions used in the racial policies of Nazi Germany In August 1934, civil servants and members of the military were required to swear an oath of unconditional obedience to Hitler. In many areas, people surrendered to the approaching Allies in spite of exhortations of local leaders to continue to fight. The Allied Control Council disestablished Prussia on Aid to Germany began arriving from the United States under the Marshall Plan in 1948. Archived from the original on Retrieved Dönitz, Karl (2012) 1958. Shirer writes: "The total amount of Nazi loot will never be known; it has proved beyond man's capacity to accurately compute." Gold reserves and other foreign holdings were seized from the national banks of occupied nations, while large "occupation costs" were usually imposed. Germany assumed full control in France in 1942, Italy in 1943, and Hungary in 1944. The Reichskommissariate (Reich Commissariats quasi-colonial regimes, were established in some occupied countries. The most notorious doctor to perform medical experiments was SS- Hauptsturmführer. Circles of Resistance: Jewish, Leftist, and Youth Dissidence in Nazi Germany. Twelve Subsequent Nuremberg trials of 184 defendants were held between 19Between 19, the Allies investigated 3,887 cases, of which 489 were brought to trial. International Law: A Dictionary. To safeguard Swedish iron ore shipments to Germany, Hitler ordered the invasion of Denmark and Norway, which began on 9 April. It seized Austria and Czechoslovakia in 19Hitler made a non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin and invaded Poland in September 1939, launching World grove dikt petter hegre fotograf War II in Europe. Career and educational opportunities for women were curtailed.